Wall Street Consensus Trades Fell Apart in 2016: 16.2% Underperformance

Following Consensus Trades worked in 2013 and 2014, and started to lose some money in 2015. After running the numbers, we were shocked to see this developing consensus underperformance trend accelerate by 1270bps for 2016.

We analyzed Thomson Reuters’ I/B/E/S dataset and looked at instances where analysts were unanimously bullish or bearish on a stock.  It turns out that analysts recommendations correlated strongly with share price performance.  However, there was one tiny caveat: the buys dramatically underperformed the sells in 2016.  The unanimous buys were up 4.5% while the unanimous sells were up 20.7% so a market neutral consensus portfolio lost ~16.2% last year.  It turns out that 2016 was a year where betting against the analyst herd paid off!

share-price-distribution-chart-02
The chart above shows the distribution in share price performance between both cohorts. (The bullish group had outliers up +1618% and +1189% that are not shown.) While the winners in both groups performed roughly the same, the losers in the bullish group fell more than the bearish group.

One major factor behind the underperformance was the bullishness surrounding small-cap development-stage pharma stocks.  For healthcare stocks (which were mostly small-cap pharma names in our cohorts), the number of consensus buys outnumbered the sells by a factor of 13.7X versus a baseline rate of 2.24X.

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Why $SNAP Will Be The Most Unprofitable Social Media IPO Ever

Note: The S-1 dropped on Feb 2nd revealing that Snap made $400m in 2016 but spent $900m, which means we severely underestimate the degree of losses at Snap. Chief among the negative surprises was the negative gross margin indicating the very costly hosting needs of Snapchat’s services. Follow our live annotations for more.


 

Snapchat lost $130m in 2014. Despite getting serious about monetization and growing revenues 11,000%, we estimate operating losses have grown significantly, making $SNAP the most unprofitable social media IPO in history.

Allegations of misrepresented growth numbers are flying today after a heavily redacted copy of a lawsuit from Snap’s former head of Growth was leaked to local media. Although the company is no stranger to high profile lawsuits, sentiment on the famously reclusive company will focus on the few datapoints that the market has. We aim to help clarify the discussion by compiling the public consensus and filling in the blanks for the unknowns so far, from Fidelity’s consecutive writedowns to a rash of extremely expensive acquisitions. We provide a full working model for Snap’s revenues and costs and demonstrate why Snap needs to represent high octane growth for its upcoming IPO (hint: show me the money!)

The potential reallocation dollar shift. Source: hootsuite

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